There is need for JavaScript.

About us
Live Israel !
Aliyah
Russia - Israel
Post Box
Balagan
News
Purim Miracle of 1953The Arab oil era is overWORD WAS IN THE BEGINNING !Deaths of 160 Palestinian Children Forced to Work on Terror TunnelsGaza strip - as a Israel-EgyptThe Most Important Video About Israel Ever MadePerhaps Waqf itself is just a horror-illusion and does not exist at all?Norway Delegation: Israel Belongs to the JewsWhy Israel Opposes International Forces in the Jordan ValleyIndependence Day in Shdema: More Growth, More IsraelThe Party FaithfulSpaceIL: Israels race to the moonSummary - 3rd Conference for the Application of Israeli Sovereignty over Judea and SamariaFor Former Soviets in the West Bank,The PA is the First Victim of its Own Reckless UN BidFull Report (all Talks in English and video) about conference for the Application of Israeli"The Balfour Declaration - 2013":The Slow-Motion Exodus of European JewsVoices from the Home Front: How Israelis Live Under FireProduction of Israel A-bombsNetanyahu Draws "Red Line" for ObamaIsraelis have a legal right to settle all Judea and Samaria"Eventually, All Humans Will Be Palestine Refugees"History of Jordan, Jordan as Palestine"The Particion of Palestine"ACT NOW! Protest UNESCO VoteTURKEY AND EGYPTSderot: Rock in the Red ZoneOn the eve of Tisha BAv, artifacts were exposed that breathe new life into the storyMass social protests may open new Era in Israel DevelopmentCondolences to Norwegian friendsJOIN PETITION13 May 2011. Norwegian Academic stands for Israel and condemns anti-Semitism of Norwegian politicianIsrael hails success of new rocket interceptorIsrael scientists created the absolute Tank defense systemPassionate Word for Israel by UK intellectual Melanie Phillips interviewed on Israel TVAvigdor Liberman. UN Speech of 28 September 2010David Brooks, The Tel Aviv Cluster. The New York Times, 11 January 2010.Boris Altshuler received the Man of the Year 5769 (2009) FJCR Award

David Brooks, The Tel Aviv Cluster. The New York Times, 11 January 2010.

The Tel Aviv Cluster

By DAVID BROOKS

Published: January 11, 2010


Jews are a famously accomplished group. They make up 0.2 percent of the world population, but 54 percent of the world chess champions, 27 percent of the Nobel physics laureates and 31 percent of the medicine laureates.


Jews make up 2 percent of the U.S. population, but 21 percent of the Ivy League student bodies, 26 percent of the Kennedy Center honorees, 37 percent of the Academy Award-winning directors, 38 percent of those on a recent Business Week list of leading philanthropists, 51 percent of the Pulitzer Prize winners for nonfiction.


In his book, The Golden Age of Jewish Achievement, Steven L. Pease lists some of the explanations people have given for this record of achievement. The Jewish faith encourages a belief in progress and personal accountability. It is learning-based, not rite-based.


Most Jews gave up or were forced to give up farming in the Middle Ages; their descendants have been living off of their wits ever since. They have often migrated, with a migrants ambition and drive. They have congregated around global crossroads and have benefited from the creative tension endemic in such places.


No single explanation can account for the record of Jewish achievement. The odd thing is that Israel has not traditionally been strongest where the Jews in the Diaspora were strongest. Instead of research and commerce, Israelis were forced to devote their energies to fighting and politics.


Milton Friedman used to joke that Israel disproved every Jewish stereotype. People used to think Jews were good cooks, good economic managers and bad soldiers; Israel proved them wrong.


But that has changed. Benjamin Netanyahus economic reforms, the arrival of a million Russian immigrants and the stagnation of the peace process have produced a historic shift. The most resourceful Israelis are going into technology and commerce, not politics. This has had a desultory effect on the nations public life, but an invigorating one on its economy.


Tel Aviv has become one of the worlds foremost entrepreneurial hot spots. Israel has more high-tech start-ups per capita than any other nation on earth, by far. It leads the world in civilian research-and-development spending per capita. It ranks second behind the U.S. in the number of companies listed on the Nasdaq. Israel, with seven million people, attracts as much venture capital as France and Germany combined.


As Dan Senor and Saul Singer write in Start-Up Nation: The Story of Israels Economic Miracle, Israel now has a classic innovation cluster, a place where tech obsessives work in close proximity and feed off each others ideas.


Because of the strength of the economy, Israel has weathered the global recession reasonably well. The government did not have to bail out its banks or set off an explosion in short-term spending. Instead, it used the crisis to solidify the economys long-term future by investing in research and development and infrastructure, raising some consumption taxes, promising to cut other taxes in the medium to long term. Analysts at Barclays write that Israel is the strongest recovery story in Europe, the Middle East and Africa.


Israels technological success is the fruition of the Zionist dream. The country was not founded so stray settlers could sit among thousands of angry Palestinians in Hebron. It was founded so Jews would have a safe place to come together and create things for the world.


This shift in the Israeli identity has long-term implications. Netanyahu preaches the optimistic view: that Israel will become the Hong Kong of the Middle East, with economic benefits spilling over into the Arab world. And, in fact, there are strands of evidence to support that view in places like the West Bank and Jordan.


But its more likely that Israels economic leap forward will widen the gap between it and its neighbors. All the countries in the region talk about encouraging innovation. Some oil-rich states spend billions trying to build science centers. But places like Silicon Valley and Tel Aviv are created by a confluence of cultural forces, not money. The surrounding nations do not have the tradition of free intellectual exchange and technical creativity.


For example, between 1980 and 2000, Egyptians registered 77 patents in the U.S. Saudis registered 171. Israelis registered 7,652.


The tech boom also creates a new vulnerability. As Jeffrey Goldberg of The Atlantic has argued, these innovators are the most mobile people on earth. To destroy Israels economy, Iran doesnt actually have to lob a nuclear weapon into the country. It just has to foment enough instability so the entrepreneurs decide they had better move to Palo Alto, where many of them already have contacts and homes. American Jews used to keep a foothold in Israel in case things got bad here. Now Israelis keep a foothold in the U.S.


During a decade of grim foreboding, Israel has become an astonishing success story, but also a highly mobile one.


http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/12/opinion/12brooks.html

adjustmentDesigned by MediaTerra302261 / 1508079